A natural wealth
The rivers Minho, Mouro, Trancoso, and Laboreiro are the main watercourses that cross and delimit the municipality.
In particular, Minho and Laboreiro invite you to take part in sports activities full of adrenaline and to practice sports all year round: canyoning, rafting, hydrospeed, canoeing and water walking.
The Minho and Laboreiro rivers are part of the Natura 2000 Network, ex-libris of the region, and stand out for the conservation of certain habitats and species, where the human factor also plays an important role.
Fauna and flora
The wealth of untouched nature
Melgaço is recognized for its richness and variety in terms of fauna and flora, being a Gerês-Xurés World Biosphere Reserve and part of the only National Park in the country, the Peneda-Gerês National Park.
In the fauna stands out the Golden-eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), the Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo), the Mountain goat (Capra pyrenaica), the Roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), the Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus), the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), the Iberian frog (Rana iberica), the River trout (Salmo truta) and the Seoane’s viper (Vipera seoanei).
In terms of flora, we can find Oak, Birch, Wild Pine, the Lily-of-Gerês, the “Orvalhinha”, and the “Carqueja”.
Natura 2000 Network and Peneda-Gerês National Park
Melgaço belongs to the Gerês-Xurés Transfrontier Biosphere Reserve and is also part of the Peneda-Gerês National Park.
In order to ensure biodiversity through the conservation of natural habitats, wild fauna and flora, the territory guarantees a good pursuit of sectoral policies in the context of nature conservation.
The Natura 2000 Network comprises areas of community importance for the conservation of certain habitats and species, with a view to sustainable management from an ecological, economic and social point of view.
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